We hear a lot about diabetes but it can be hard to understand the basics. Here is a short and sweet blog that explains both type 1 and type 2. Check out the Cost of Diabetes statistics at the end. We all could use a bit more in our pocket and that can come from taking charge of our selves.
Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. Insulin’s main role is to help move certain nutrients — especially sugar — into the cells of the body’s tissues. Cells use sugars and other nutrients from meals as a source of energy to function.
In type 1 Diabetes the bodies own immune system destroys the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas. Without the right about of insulin, the sugars and nutrients are not able to enter the cells for conversion to energy.
In type 2 Diabetes the body produces insulin but either the pancreas does not make enough insulin or the body cannot use the insulin well enough. This is called insulin resistance. When there isn’t enough insulin or the insulin is not used as it should be, glucose (sugar) can’t get into the body’s cells. When glucose builds up in the blood instead of going into cells, the body’s cells are not able to function properly.
Cost of Diabetes (from www.diabetes.org)
Updated March 6, 2013
- $245 billion: Total costs of diagnosed diabetes in the United States in 2012
- $176 billion for direct medical costs
- $69 billion in reduced productivity